The Farnesiana

The whole area of ​​the Farnesiana, besides being a natural paradise, is rich in historical remarkable testimonies, first of all the abandoned city of LeopoliCencelle, called by archaeologists the Pompeii of the Middle Ages. Leopoli was founded by Pope Leo IV in the ninth century AD. to give shelter to the inhabitans of Civitavecchia, escaping from the Saracen invasions. It is a town that lived and died in the Middle Ages; therefore you can admire a medieval village with no other subsequent urban and architectural overlapping.

A little farther on, in the direction of Allumiere, you will find the village of Farnesiana, a Renaissance farm house built right by the Farnese family and near the abandoned church of Santa Maria of Farnesiana.

For the most adventurous, we also recommend a trip to the archaeological site of Luni on the river Mignone, the oldest inhabited Villanova area, located right near the same river Mignone.

Tarquinia

Ten minutes’drive a major attraction is the town of Tarquinia both for its historical centre, characterized by the many medieval towers and the beautiful Romanesque churches, and for the ancient Etruscan remains and especially the necropolis of the painted tombs. You will discover a unique heritage, recognized by UNESCO, visiting a circuit of 19 painted tombs from the ancient Greek masters, where are reproduced scenes of life and the mysteries of the most fascinating pre- Roman population.

To signal the graves of Hunting and Fishing, the Bartoccini tomb, the tomb of the Leopards and the tombs of classical view, outside the circuit, that can be visited with the accompaniment of qualified guides; in this circuit there are also the tombs of the Augurs,of the Bulls,of the Baron and the monumental reserve Scataglini. It’s also worth visiting the National Archaeological Museum, located in the Renaissance Palazzo Vitelleschi, which houses some of the most important examples of Etruscan culture, among them the group of sculptures of winged horses and the Attic pottery with red or black figures.

For people who like more difficult excursions without pre-established routes, it may be interesting to visit the ancient Etruscan town of Tarquinia located about five kilometers from the present town towards Monteromano; you can experience the emotion of walking among vestiges of the ancient city, especially near the ruins of the largest ancient Etruscan temple, known as the Altar of the Queen.

A day well spent is the visit of the historical centre of Tarquinia: thirteen towers fully preserved, narrow streets and alleys with beautiful architecture, the many Romanesque churches, among them not to be missed are the churches of Santa Maria and St. Martin. Tarquinia is a town that offers breathtaking views and landscapes, especially at sunset, when the red of the setting sun mingles with the blue of the sea, skirting the not distant islands of the Tuscan archipelago and the Mount Argentario.